What exactly is dental plaque and why is it a problem for our health?

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Dental plaque is a soft substance between white and yellow, which is formed by the accumulation of bacteria, food debris, protein debris and saliva, which are deposited on the surface of the teeth and gums.

Some bacteria, which are part of the microorganisms in the mouth, are concentrated in the dental plaque. Although not all are harmful, some can break down the sugars in the food you eat and transform them into acids that attack your teeth, destroying tooth enamel and causing tooth decay.

This buildup of plaque can cause other problems, such as gingivitis. In addition, if it is not removed in time and remains on the teeth for a long time, it can mineralize and cause tartar or calcification. Once it has become tartar, removal is not done with just a toothbrush, but requires professional cleaning by a dentist.

Bacteria are everywhere. In fact, we have more than 1,000 different types of bacteria in our mouths alone. Plaque is formed constantly because bacteria are always present in the oral cavity and because they are removed completely with proper hygiene. In order to grow and develop, bacteria feed on food and saliva waste. If this process continues for a long time, it leads to the destruction of tooth enamel and causing tooth decay and gingivitis. An untreated gingivitis can cause periodontitis, which already leads to the destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth and can even cause tooth loss.

From what has been written so far, it is clear that the removal of plaque is very important to enjoy a healthy and beautiful smile.

What should you do to prevent plaque buildup?

It is important to brush your teeth after every meal and especially in the evening before bed. It is important to give them the attention they deserve – choose the toothpaste that is best for you and emphasize each individual tooth.
When brushing your teeth, be sure to clean your tongue as well.
Brushing with a toothbrush alone is not enough to remove all the dental plaque, as there is no way to reach the interdental spaces. Therefore, it is important to continue dental care with the use of dental floss. Also, mouthwash is essential to remove and kill all other bacteria, as well as to keep you breathless.
Regular visits to the dentist are extremely important. It is best to visit it twice a year to check your dental health. It is also important to perform professional cleaning, which ensures complete removal of plaque and tartar.